The current hot-button domestic issue is something called 'Birthright Citizenship'. It is the doctrine that anyone born in the United States (with a few exceptions) is automatically a citizen of the United States. The argument centers around children of illegal aliens: a pregnant woman crosses the border illegally, births her child, and then demands to stay because her child is a citizen and she can't leave her child, can she? The child is called 'an anchor baby'.
The problem arises because the 14th amendment says (right up front):
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
This is pretty plain-spoken and can be misinterpreted only in the presence of a serious Jones to do so. Those who wish to misinterpret it will explain, slowly and carefully so you catch all the words, that this was phrased this way in order to enfranchise slaves who had previously not been considered 'persons' and that no one had anticipated people coming here just so their offspring could be natural-born citizens.
That position is probably correct, but the wording of the 14th amendment sits there staring back at us. That may have been what they meant, but that's not what they wrote. They wrote "all persons" and "subject to the jurisdiction" and "are citizens". If this ever goes before SCOTUS and they rule that anchor babies are not really citizens, they will be 'legislating from the bench', something the GOP hates when Democrats do it, and the Democrats hate when the GOP does it.
Further, the whole debate dances around the real issue, carefully ignoring it — because if we can ignore it long enough, no one will notice that it's there — we hope. The real issue is that we have turned the United States into a stereotypical welfare state. Can't afford food? Yes, you can have food stamps. Can't afford rent? Yes, you can have an AFDC supplement. Don't worry about school; it's free. Arrested and can't afford an attorney to defend you in court? Miranda!
The people worrying about 'anchor babies' and 'illegal aliens' are really worried that somebody will arrive on our doorstep and demand a piece of cake that should justly be reserved for Real Americans™. They will deny it, of course, but it has to be true. We are in a job-surplus position at the moment — too many jobs and not enough people to fill them — so if Real Americans™ were worried them Messicans were going to take our jobs... which jobs? The ones there aren't enough workers to fill? The only thing 'adding more workers' to the mix would do is bump the GDP up a notch or two. Horrors!
We don't have 'an illegal alien problem'. We have 'a welfare state problem'. Fix the 'welfare state problem', and the illegal alien problem will evaporate like dew on a Summer morning.